Sunday, April 15, 2018

16/04/2018: Overview of the Fisheries and Aquaculture at Cape Maclear in Malawi

by Khaiko Makwela Wali, Architect, Malawi

Cape Maclear traditionally known as Chembe is a small fishing village situated in Mangochi District at the Southern tip of Lake Malawi

Cape Maclear is a fishing village with a population of about 10,000. The fishermen live in the centre of the town, while either end of the village caters to tourists.

Malawi is a land-locked country with one of the highest population densities in sub-Saharan Africa. Lake Malawi where Cape Maclear is located along is the largest of the four lakes in the Southern Region of the country the others being Lake Malombe, Lake Chirwa and Lake Chiuta with the Lower Shire within the Shire River Basin also accounting as one of the major fishing providers in the country

With 20 percent of Malawi’s surface area covered by water, the fisheries sector is important in contributing substantially to food and nutritional security, livelihoods of the rural population and economic growth of the country as it contributes four percent to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). In the 1970s, fish provided 70 per cent of animal protein intake of the Malawian population and 40 per cent of total protein supply for the country.

These figures have declined as a result of the decrease in catches and rapid population growth over the last 30 years. The per capita fish consumption in Malawi has subsequently fallen by more than 60 percent, from 14kg per person per year in the 1970s, to about eight kg in 2015. The decline in per capita supply and protein intake brings serious nutritional implications for the nation, especially to some vulnerable groups such as HIV/AIDS affected and infected people, orphans and the poor.

The Aquaculture development project (Framed around the Energy Facilitated Market Places- EFMP) being proposed by Aquaculture without Frontiers, Green Globe Architecture and Christian Aid Malawi aims to address critical issues affecting fisheries and aquaculture development in Malawi.

The aquaculture sub-sector has potential to increase fish production in the country. Enhanced aquaculture production especially at commercial level would improve supply of fish protein in rural and urban areas far away from the major fish production sources and also creation of wealth and employment in such areas.

Read the full article, HERE.

The Aquaculturists
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