Friday, October 3, 2014

03/10/2014: Feed and feeding practices of Carps in India

The carp is a common name for various species of freshwater fish of the family Cyprinidae, a very large group of fish native to Asia and Europe. Cyprinids particularly the wide variety of carp species, represent a cheap source of protein for subsistence aquaculture in warm temperate and subtropical countries. Carp production is increasing tremendously throughout India and it is most likely that these carps will be able to cater to the tastes of all classes of people ranging from aristocratic consumers to poor people.

India is the second-largest aquaculture producer in the World. Freshwater aquaculture is an integral part of the agriculture in India. It is one of the fastest growing sub-sectors in the country, which has registered a growth rate of 5.1 per cent per annum in last 60 years. During this period, the fish production in the country has increased from 0.75 million tonnes (mt) in 1950 to 8.5 mt in 2011 of which the major contribution has been from aquaculture.

India is a carp country from aquaculture point of view. There has been a phenomenal expansion of commercial carp culture in constructed earthen ponds in certain Indian states such as Andhra Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana.

In several other states viz. Odisha, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu commercial carp culture is also gaining momentum. Indian freshwater aquaculture is mostly based on few species, for e.g. about 80% of production is contributed by Indian major carps viz., Catla, Rohu, Mrigala and some exotic carps (Table 1).


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