Monday, June 26, 2017

26/06/2017: FeedKind Protein: Replacing a scarce resource

by Allan LeBlanc and Josh Silverman, Calysta, USA

Fishmeal continues to be the gold standard protein ingredient in aquaculture diets (1)


As a proxy for the diet of fish in the wild, it has been extraordinarily successful. However, fishmeal supply is finite and dependent upon wild fish populations (2). To date, the aquaculture industry has done an excellent job of growing despite this constraint.

The market has effectively allocated this scarce resource, and financial pressures have driven significant reductions in marine ingredient inclusions across many applications (3). Despite past success, the rapid continuing growth of the aquaculture industry is outpacing technical capabilities for fishmeal reduction (4).
 


The highest growth subsectors within aquaculture are carnivorous species requiring higher inclusion levels of fishmeal in order to achieve optimal growth (5, 6). Rising standards of living in Asia will continue to drive a shift from extensive to intensive aquaculture, and from low to high trophic level species (7).

Both of these shifts are correlated with an increased fishmeal content in the aquaculture feeds employed (8). As an example, under a business-as-usual projection, Indonesia will require over 7.8 million metric tons of marine fish as feed ingredients annually by 2030.

If Indonesia pursues an export-oriented strategy with a focus on fishmeal-intensive shrimp and grouper, Indonesia will more than double its marine fish ingredient consumption, requiring up to 16.4 million metric tonnes of marine fish in the same time period (9).

Given the finite supply of fishmeal, growth in aquaculture cannot continue on this trajectory without the development of new alternatives to fishmeal. One such alternative to fishmeal is FeedKind protein, which can provide a potential solution to the increased demand for high-quality feed ingredients.

FeedKind protein is comprised of single cell protein produced by fermentation of methane (10). FeedKind protein has a proximal composition similar to fishmeal (Table 1) and has been shown to be well tolerated in a number of livestock species (11).

Calysta and Cargill have partnered to produce FeedKind protein in North America, with the first plant under construction in Memphis, TN planned to produce up to 200,000 metric tons per year (12). In May 2017, Calysta announced the successful operation of a market introduction facility in Teesside, England (13).

As of the announcement, the facility had produced over four metric tonnes of material. This material is destined for use in customer trials in feed formulations, regulatory review in new countries, and R&D trials across a wide variety of species including the trial reported here.


For references and the read the full article click, HERE.

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